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US Patent: 146,539
Reversing Gearings for Metal-Planers
Eli J. Manville - Waterbury, New Haven County, CT

USPTO Classifications:

Tool Categories:
metalworking machines : metal planers
metalworking machines : metalworking machine mechanisms : metalworking machine gearing


Hendey Machine Co. - Torrington, CT

Charles W. Gillette
R. C. Manville
Charles B. Steele
J. F. Theodore Lang
Wendell R. Curtis
G. W. Ellis

Patent Dates:
Applied: Jul. 11, 1873
Granted: Jan. 20, 1874

Patent Pictures:
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"Vintage Machinery" entry for Hendey Machine Co.
Hendey Machine Co. History
This patent made the early Hendey Planers and Shapers a commercial success and was the one that David Ballard improved upon. (Patent #310,774) (This information courtesy of Hendeyman)


I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description friction-clutches; and it consists of an elastic reverse-lever working a friction-clutch on the main shaft of a planer or other machine depending on reversed motion, between two driving-pulleys, with corresponding friction-bearings running in opposite directions. The object of my invention is to secure safety against breaking parts of the machine by the failure of the friction-clutch to leave the driving pulley and to secure prompt action in the engagement of the clutch with the reverse-pulley, thereby avoiding the stoppage of the machinery when it is to be reversed.

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