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US Patent: 189,453
Improvment in Bench Planes
Grooved Cutter for Bead Planes
George Gocher - Johnstown, PA

USPTO Classifications:

Tool Categories:
woodworking tools : planes : plane blades
woodworking tools : planes : molding planes



J. B. Garner
R. M. Barr
T. F. Leigh
Thomas Pendey

Patent Dates:
Applied: Jan. 24, 1877
Granted: Apr. 10, 1877

Patent Pictures: [ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 ]
The bit (cutter) claimed has a groove rolled over its entire length
USPTO pdf tiff
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The Union Tool Company of New Britain, Connecticut introduced a series of bead metallic bead planes using the No. 44 designation in 1904. Writing in Patented Trasitional & Metallic Planes in America, author Roger Smith speculates that the design may have been appropriated from this, the patented bead plane of George Gocher, of Johnstown, Pennsylvania, following the expiration of the patent. Examples of the Union No. 44 are extremely rare, but are certainly outdone in rarity by the original Gocher patent. The patent date is cast into the body of this plane and the reverse side has a uniform crosshatch checkering pattern. (Courtesy and (C) Martin J. Donnelly, www.mjdtools.com)

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