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US Patent: 2,809,682
Wood Slicing Machines
Patentee:
Richard D. Russell - Lockport, Niagara County, NY

USPTO Classifications:
144/155, 144/178, 83/425

Tool Categories:
woodworking machines : specialty machines : wood slicing machines

Assignees:
None

Manufacturer:
Not known to have been produced

Witnesses:
none listed

Patent Dates:
Applied: Jun. 03, 1955
Granted: Oct. 15, 1957

Patent Pictures:
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Description:
The invention relates to improvements in wood slicing machines as described in the present specification and shown in the accompanying drawings that form a part of the same. Soft and light wood such as that of the balsa and similar trees is greatly desired in the manufacture of toys and models of various kinds and for numerous other purposes, and for a great many of its uses must be available in very thin layers having smooth exteriors. Owing, however, to the lack of cohesion among the constituent particles of such woods which renders the surface tearable under the pressure of cutting blades of heretofore known types, the only instrument, known to date which would separate the wood into smooth sided layers has been the conventional saw. Sawing such woods is impractical and costly in that the thickness of the saw is frequently as great, or greater, as that desired in the slice to be removed so that the waste in such cases equals, or exceeds, the workable material obtained. The main object of the present invention is to provide simple means for efficiently cutting softwood into thin slices without loss. A further object of the invention is to provide means for the purpose specified which can be readily incorporated in a planing machine of conventional type having a slide operating on a bed. And generally the objects of the invention are to provide simple, efficient and inexpensive means which will render the slicing of soft woods economical and practical and thus enlarge the scope of use of such woods.

What I claim is:

1. In a wood slicing machine, a bed, a slide reciprocable on said bed, means carried by said slide near one edge thereof for holding a block of wood spaced from said slide for reciprocal movement with said slide, a wood slicing blade supported independently of said slide and extending lengthwise thereof in spaced relation thereto and being movable laterally into position in the path of said block of wood, said blade being set edgewise in relation to said slide and having a lower edge parallel to said slide and spaced therefrom a lesser distance than said' block of wood, said blade having a cutting edge inclined rearwardly. in a direction away from said slide from its forward end to substantially its longitudinal centre adapted in the progress of said block of wood towards said blade to be contacted first by the lower edge of the leading end of said block of wood and to cut through said block of wood at an angle in relation to the transverse axis of said block of wood, a rigid plate extending parallel to said blade at the side of said blade farthest from said block holding means and spaced from said blade a distance corresponding substantially to the thickness of 'the slice to be cut from said block and providing means to limit the spreading movement of said slice from the block at the cutting point, and means for moving said blade laterally after each slicing operation.

2. In a wood slicing machine including a bed, a slide reciprocable on said bed, said slide having means to carry a block of wood spaced from said slide, a wood slicing blade supported independently of said slide and extending lengthwise thereof in spaced relation thereto and being movable laterally into longitudinally aligned relation with said block, said blade being set at right angles to said bed and having a cutting edge inclined rearwardly from its front end to substantially its longitudinal centre in a direction away from said slide, said blade being beveled along its side farthest from said block carrying means, a rigid plate extending parallel with said blade and spaced from the beveled side of said blade a distance substantially equal to the thickness of the slice to be removed from said block, said plate having its inner surface opposing the beveled side of said blade inclined in substantial correspondence with the opposing surface of said blade, and means for moving said blade laterally after each slicing operation.

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