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US Patent: 330,908
Shuttle-Planer
Stanley #L20-82E-HFL.
Patentee:
Lodowick Leeds - New London, CT

USPTO Classifications:
144/121, 144/24.07, 144/278.1, 144/307

Tool Categories:
woodworking tools : planes
woodworking tools : planes : plane accessories : shooting boards
woodworking tools : planes : plane adjustment mechanisms

Assignees:
Birdie L. Fenner - Versailles, CT

Manufacturer:
The Stanley Rule & Level Co. - New Britain, CT

Witnesses:
George M. Moore
Tyler J. Howard
Frank H. Allen
John H. Keep

Patent Dates:
Applied: Apr. 06, 1885
Granted: Nov. 24, 1885

Patent Pictures: [ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 ]
The drawing shows the depthstop attached to a Bailey style benchplane.
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Description:
The patent claims the metallic frame for holding the loom shuttles. Once a shuttle is clamped in the frame, the sides can be planed down one after another, ensuring orthogonality. The patent does not disclose a special purpose plane for use with the frame, but does disclose a frame for attachment to regular Bailey style benchplanes. This frame serves as a fence, but more so as a depthstop. Once the plane holding frame is set, all sides will be planed to the same dimension from the edge of the shuttle holding frame. As can be seen by the two images, Stanley did manufacture a special purpose plane for use with the frame. The shuttles for which this device is designed are the types used in high speed machines, not for home use.

{Refer to Image #2} Stanley Rule & Level : Rare "Shuttle" Plane. Marked Hfl L 2082 E". Never offered in any Stanley catalog, perhaps a dozen or more of these highly specialized planes have come to light since the first example was identified more than a decade ago. Produced under a patent which had been granted to Lodowick Leeds, of New London, Connecticut on November 24, 1885, it is believed that this plane was offered by Stanley to the textile industry, where it was used for planing loom shuttles to shape. According to Volume II of Roger Smith's series on patented planes, Stanley very likely manufacture this plane for 35 or 40 years, directly marketing it to textile mills during that time. A very small number of these planes are known with a frame attachment attached to the body. The identification number is cast into the body of the plane. (Courtesy and (C) Martin J. Donnelly)

{Refer to Image #6}Extremely rare (and I don’t use that term loosely here) HFL-L2082E smoothing plane; this started out in life as the shuttle plane, but when the rush to own those dried up Stanley was left with a bunch of castings and no buyers; someone got the brilliant idea to mill off the cast boss at the toe, mill the sides down, and then sell the plane as a smoother thereby recouping some of their investment; this is such a plane, the second to show up (I’ve found both of them), and is 100% guaranteed to be a Stanley effort; as-found, and for the guy who has to have the rarest of the rare in Stanley (Courtesy and (C) Patrick Leach)

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