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US Patent: 4,053
Parallel bench-vise
Patentees:
Anson P. Norton - Waterville, NY
W. H. Taylor - Rochester, NY

USPTO Classifications:
269/194, 269/210, 269/239, 269/256

Tool Categories:
work holding : vises : leg vises

Assignees:
None

Manufacturer:
A. M. Badger - Rochester, NY
J. S. Eastman - Baltimore, MD

Witnesses:
T. C. Donn
Lafayette Caldwell

Patent Dates:
Granted: May 16, 1845

Patent Pictures:
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Description:
From an article in the 1847-03-06 Scientific American: "We have been furnished by the manufacturer, Mr. A. M. Badger of Rochester, with a description of Taylor & Norton's new patent vise for carpenters use, and which is represented by the above engraving. Between the jaws is a cross or pair of shears, which are made of iron, connected at the centre by a rivet and connected to the jaws at the top by pivots or pins, while the lower ends slide vertically upon the inside of the jaws, whereby the jaws are kept as far apart at the bottom as at the top; the lower ends of the shears being kept in place by small grooves in the jaws. By this arrangement, the moveable jaw is supported by the shears without resting at all on the screw. On the cross bar near the bottom is a ratch,and a pall is adjusted within the moveable jaw so as to take to the teeth of the ratch; and a wire extends from this pall up to a spring behind the nut at the top, so that when the nut presses against the jaw, the wire is depressed and the pall (which is ordinarily elevated) is allowed to take to the teeth of the ratch. In our opinion, however, the vise is more perfect without the pall and wire appendage than with it; but the inventors must be allowed to be the judges in this case, though we are always partial to simplicity."

Researcher Todd Werts passed along an ad from the 1847-01-23 Baltimore Journal: "The subscriber is the owner of the Patent Right for the State of Maryland for Taylor's Patent Parallel Vices, and is now making such as are particularly adapted to the use of Carpenters, Cabinet-makers and Carriage makers... J. S. EASTMAN." Todd also reported the results of an information search on Mr. Eastman: "It looks like he ran a manufactory / store at 180 Pratt St. in Baltimore called Cochrane & Eastman until December of 1845 when the partnership was dissolved. Looks like he subsequently operated under J. S. Eastman. An ad on 2/6/1847 notes his desire to retire, after 26 years in operation. It does look like he succeeded in retiring in the early 1850's as by 1853, the manufacturing facility is called Hall & Cooper."

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