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US Patent: 416,492
Wood-working machine
Seymour W. Peregrine - Grand Rapids, MI

USPTO Classifications:
144/144.1, 144/144.41, 144/87, 269/158

Tool Categories:
woodworking machines : specialty machines


Not known to have been produced

Charles A. Renwick
Chris Sipp

Patent Dates:
Applied: May 31, 1889
Granted: Dec. 03, 1889

Patent Pictures:
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"In the manufacture of school-seats in which slats are used, recesses are formed on the rear side of the slats to receive lugs on the standard, by which they are supported and held in place. Each slat has a recess, preferably dovetailed to correspond with the lug, and these several recesses open into each other, thus forming a continuous groove or recess extending across the seat or back. My invention is a machine for forming these recesses."

From an online transcription of the 1891 book, "History of the City of Grand Rapids, Michigan", by Albert Baxter, (available online at rootsweb.com) comes the following extract: "On January 5, 1886, a partnership was formed between Gaius W. Perkins, William T. Hess, and Seymour W. Peregrine, and a factory was started by them on the corner of Prescott and Ionia streets, for the manufacture of school and office furniture.

"On May 8, 1887, Gaius W. Perkins, President; S. W. Peregrine, Vice President; Wm. T. Hess, Treasurer, and Charles J. Reed, Secretary, incorporated the Grand Rapids School Furniture Company, with a capital stock of $100,000. Early in 1888 they purchased seven acres of land on the West Side and erected a new factory into which they moved August 1, 1888. Their plant, on Broadway, between Ninth and Tenth streets, comprises all needed buildings and machinery, and furnishes about 70,000 square feet of working space. They have five men traveling to represent their interests, and ship $400,000 worth of products annually to all parts of the Union; manufacturing exclusively school and office furniture and church and hall seating. They employ about 300 hands, at a monthly expense of not far from $12,000. They manufacture complete all the work that they turn out."

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