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US Patent: 44,067
Improved self-centering chuck
Patentee:
Edgar B. Beach - West Meriden, CT

USPTO Classifications:
279/69

Tool Categories:
woodworking tools : hand drills : drill chucks

Assignees:
None

Manufacturer:
Not known to have been produced

Witnesses:
John S. Clark
Charles N. Hanay

Patent Dates:
Granted: Sep. 06, 1864

Reissue Information:
Reissued as RE2,104 (Nov. 14, 1865)

Patent Pictures:
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Description:
Awarded to Edward B. Beach for his renowned Beach Patent chuck. By description the chuck was intended for smaller lathe work, screw cutting and drilling. The three jaws travel up a sectional ramp providing self centering. The chuck was shown in the 1867 A.J. Wilkinson and Company hardware catalog and proclaimed "The most approved drill chuck in the market". The 1895 Chas Strelinger catalog states that "The Beach and Stetson Chucks are doubtless the finest chucks made, as regards perfection of fitting and accuracy." The self centering chuck was evidently well received for many years.

In "Patented Transitional and Metallic Planes in America 1827 to 1927" author Roger K. Smith profiles Henry B. Beach, who held partial rights to patents associated with the The Meriden Malleable Iron Co. planes. This was in the 1880s. Roger mentions that "he settled permanently in Meriden about 1863 where he conducted a chuck and drill business for a short time." Coincidence is possible, but I would have to believe that this was in connection with Edgar B. Beach's patented chuck. I find little genealogy data that connects or even identifies the two Beaches. Although an Edgar Beach is listed twice in the 1860 Federal Census in Meriden, the 1860-61 New Haven county directory does not list him. The 1873-74 Meriden directory does list Edgar as a machinist living at 38 Crown Street in Meriden. Henry B. is located at 208 State St. His employment was noted as traveling agent (salesman).

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