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US Patent: 8,867X
Measuring distances with theodolite
Samuel Stone - Long Green, Baltimore County, MD

USPTO Classifications:

Tool Categories:
trade specific : surveyor


Not known to have been produced


Patent Dates:
Granted: Jun. 06, 1835

Patent Pictures:
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Most of the patents prior to 1836 were lost in the Dec. 1836 fire. Only about 2000 of the almost 10000 documents were recovered.

Little is known about this patent. Only the patent drawing is available. This patent is in the database for reference only.

The patentee states his improvement to be "in the art of measuring distances at one station with a theodolite, or any other instrument by which an angle can be made either perpendicularly or horizontally," &c. The patent, however, is taken for an improvement in the instrument, and not in the art of using it. He says, "the first improvement which I claim is the mechanical addition to the common theodolite, by extending the diameter of the horizontal limb for the purpose of forming a surface as well as a centre on which a circular rim or plate revolves, as already described; and also the application of the logarithmic calculations as applied to the circle, as already described. But I particularly claim the improvement of measuring distances by an angle at one point or station, using the pole or stave, with its graduations, for one side of the triangle."

With respect to its construction and use, the inventor says:

"This instrument embraces all the principles of a modern theodolite; besides which, it contains the following improvements: The first improvement is a circular revolving plate, sliding or resting upon the limb of the instrument, the upper surface of which forms a plane with the upper surface of the limb; on which are delineated a set of mathematical numbers, which supply the place of a table of logarithms, and all other logarithmic tables.

In the second place, this instrument is so constructed as to supersede the necessity and use of a chain in all cases. The distance of any visible object can be ascertained at one station, as far as the flag staff can be distinctly seen through the telescope of the instrument, to the exactness of chains, links, and decimals.

"It also calculates the latitude and departure of every course run, and the base and perpendicular of all elevations. It further embraces all the fundamental rules of common arithmetic, viz: multiplication, division, single rule of three, interest, mensuration of superficies and solids, gauging, &c. Any question io plain trigonometry, right angled or oblique, can be solved on the instrument correctly; including all questions that can be performed by logarithms or logarithmic tables. The whole without the use of figures or a mathematical calculation."

The instrument has received the approbation of the New York Institute, the managers of which have awarded their highest premium, a gold medal, to the inventor.

Journal of the Franklin Institute Vol xvii 1836 pgs 38-39

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