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US Patent: 444,923
Pipe Tongs
Charles F. Spery - Hermann, MO

USPTO Classifications:
81/357, 81/424.5, 81/94

Tool Categories:
wrenches : pipe wrenches
wrenches : wrench adjustment types : quick adjust wrenches


Spery Pipe-Tong and Tool Mfg. Co. - Hermann, MO

C. F.A. Mueller
E. E. Longau
C. F. Keller

Patent Dates:
Applied: Nov. 24, 1890
Granted: Jan. 20, 1891

Patent Pictures:
Charles F. Spery Pat. January 20, 1891
USPTO pdf tiff
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The tongs somewhat resembles a pliers; the movable fulcrum point is on a spring-loaded pawl that engages a rack on the fixed shank. Pictured as no. 742 In "Antique and Unusual Wrenches," by Schulzes.

Ken Cope's "American Wrench Makers 1830-1930" assumes Spery produced them. The Spery Pipe-Tong and Tool Co. of Hermann, MO appears in a list published by the Missouri Secretary of State's office in 1893.

Spery's December 29, 1891 pipe-tongs patent (no. 466,195), incorporates a pawl as a movable pivot for a self-adjusting hook jaw pipe wrench.

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